Aside from relief augmentation and technical assistance to local government units during disaster operations, DSWD will also augment in a form of funding support to all municipalities with existing Kalahi-CIDSS program in line with the early recovery efforts in Bicol to areas damaged by Typhoon Nina.
From 2014 to 2019, Bicol has been allocated 4.1 billion and 2.27 billion of which has been utilized by poor villages for the implementation of the community-driven development (CDD) program or Kapit- Bisig Laban sa Kahirapan-Comprehensive and Integrated Delivery of Social Services (Kalahi-CIDSS).
Qualified municipalities can access their available Kalahi-CIDSS funds waiving the mandatory LGU counterpart for the restoration of basic services and livelihoods in affected villages.
Eligible municipalities must be currently implementing Kalahi-CIDSS and have declared state of calamity supported by Sangguniang Bayan (SB) Resolution.
As of the writing, the Kalahi-CIDSS Regional Project Management Office (RPMO) has the initial list of eligible municipalities which are all subject to the validation of the Sub-Regional Project Management Office (SRPMO), the Kalahi-CIDSS provincial extension office, and approval of the RPMO.
There will be a shift from the standard Kalahi-CIDSS processes and operations into the use of Disaster Response Operations Procedures (DROP) or the Kalahi-CIDSS disaster response modality using CDD.
The funds for the early recovery efforts will be directly downloaded to the villages with the following fixed criteria for targeting disaster-affected areas:
- Population of the barangay (using the results of the latest census – 20%
- Poverty incidence (to be generated from the DSWD National Household Targeting System for Poverty Reduction (NHTS-PR) – 30%, and;
- Extent of damage as measured by the % of damaged HHs (or other available data that allows comparison across all barangays) – 50%.
Moreover, grants are allocated based on severity of damage, thus, barangays will be categorized into three groups:
- severely damaged/affected
- moderately damaged
- least affected
With the limitation of funds, there will be a prioritization and ranking of all villages in a municipality based on the abovementioned criteria. Non-prioritized villages will be referred to their local government unit or other national government agencies. Kalahi-CIDSS will help these municipalities to prepare project proposals and other technical documents to help them access government and non-government aids.
Damage Assessment to Kalahi-CIDSS sub-projects
The Kalahi-CIDSS Engineering Unit has been visiting random municipalities and villages in Camarines Sur, Catanduanes and Albay to assess the extent of damages to sub-projects and gather relevant data to enhance the design of future sub-projects.
As of January 5, 2017, there are 2, 806 funded sub-projects under Kalahi-CIDSS from 2002 to present. Based on the initial data gathered last January 11, 2017, there were 118 damaged subprojects.
CDD in Bicol
The operations of the community-driven development (CDD) approach expanded into a national scale, which was tried and proven effective by Kalahi-CIDSS. 101 poor municipalities in Bicol are under its expansion from 2014 to 2019 with a total of grant of Php4,497,448,178.
CDD puts power back in the hands of the people by giving them the opportunity to make informed decisions on locally identified options for development and manage resources to implement sub-projects that address needs identified by communities themselves.